Biotechnology A bundle of techniques applied to living cells is what we call biotechnology. The biotechnologist engineers these living cells to produce a particular product of improved quality. Biotechnology is the exploitation of natural resources at the microbial and molecular level for the benefit of mankind. Working Conditions Biotechnologists largely work in laboratories to conduct scientific research. Sometimes, they need to travel to different scientific centres due to the diversified nature of work. Personality Biotechnology requires intense hard work, perseverance and challenge for achieving results. A very bright academic profile with scientific bent of mind is required.